DAY 1 MADRID Full day tour of Madrid. We will begin the tour in the Museum of the Americas, space in which to begin the route and collect the basic information to understand the meaning of the historic relationship between Spain and the Americas, showing the keys to the historic and artistic interpretation of this heritage and chiefly the possibilities for continuing to discover that heritage in an educational journey. Delivery of the documentation for the trip and continuation with the Tour of the Instituto Valencia de Don Juan. Lunch in a restaurant where we will begin to savor the important gastronomy of this period. In the afternoon we will continue our walk through the Madrid de The Austrias, in order to later eat dinner in a restaurant. Lodging.
DAY 2 MADRID Breakfast in the hotel. In the morning we will visit the Royal Palace, the official residence of the King of Spain. Used fundamentally for official ceremonies it is also of valuable historical-artistic heritage. Then we will continue our route with the Convent of the Descalzas Reales where we can find various jewels of American viceregal invoice such as the Christs on Cross made with maize paste that come from Michoacán (México). Lunch. In the afternoon, we will visit the Prado Museum, one of the best galleries in the world with works by Rubens, Tiziano, Goya, El Greco and Velázquez, among others and a selection dedicated to the Flemish School. Dinner in a restaurant and lodging.
DAY 3 MADRID (256 Km) – TRUJILLO (89 Km) – MERIDA (190 Km) – SEVILLE Breakfast. Departure at the scheduled time from Madrid for Trujillo, one of the most interesting destinations and place of origin of explorers, conquerors and settlers of the Americas. Among other buildings the Palace of San Carlos, the Palace of the Marquis of the Conquista, the Palace de Orellana Pizarro, the birth home of Francisco de Orellana, and the House Museum de Francisco Pizarro stand out. Lunch and continuation of the trip to Mérida, with tour of the Roman amphitheater, constructed in the Roman colony de Emerita Augusta, which was founded in 25 A.D. by Octavius Augustus, for the emeriti soldiers who graduated from the Roman army, from two veteran legions of the Cantabrian Wars. The amphitheater forms part of the Archaeological Site of Mérida, one of the principal and most extensive Archaeological sites in Spain, which was declared World Heritage Site in 1993 by UNESCO. After the visit, Continuation to Seville. Transfer to the hotel. Dinner and lodging.
DAY 4 SEVILLE Breakfast. City tour. From amongst the many points of indisputable historic and artistic interest throughout the city, some key points of the viceregal route stand out, such as the Cathedral of Seville, where in addition to the Mausoleum of Christopher Columbus, one of the principal viceregal treasures can be found: The 12 silver candlesticks known as the “vizarrones”, cups, sent by the Archbishop Viceroy of New Spain, Juan Antonio de Vizarrón and Equiarreta, 1753, who was Archbishop of Mexico and Viceroy of New Spain. We will continue the Tour of the Convent of Saint Anthony, which houses two interesting Colognel pieces: a magnificent monstrance of Peruvian silver, gilt with enamels and precious stones, and an ebony cross with inlaid mother of pearl. We will visit The Royal Alcázares, also declared Monument. Lunch. Tour of the General Archives of the Indies, the Shipyard and view of the tower de la silver. We will stroll through the Triana and Santa cross neighborhoods, the alleyways and gardens that adorn the city and finish by taking a boat ride on the Guadalquivir River, where they will explain how the galleons entered dodging the dangerous entrance to Sanlúcar de Barrameda, up to the port of Seville and show the function of the tower del gold and the use of the river to enter into the port, or of the actual General Archives of the Indies (former House of Trade of the commerce with the Americas). Dinner and lodging.
DAY 5 SEVILLE Breakfast and tour of the House of Pilatos and of the Church of Saint Louis de los Franceses, representative temple of the Andalusian baroque, clear influence in the fountains of Colognel art. Later we will visit the Hospital of la Caridad and the Church of the Savior. Lunch and afternoon dedicated to the Museum of Fine Art, where we will be able to apreciate the painting that has had the greatest influence throughout the Americas, specially the work of Murillo and Zurbarán. Dinner and lodging.
DAY 6 SEVILLE – JEREZ DE LA FRONTERA (96 Km) – port DE SANTA MARÍA (17 Km) – CÁDIZ (23 Km) Breakfast and departure for the city of Jérez de la Frontera, also declared Historic Grouping, where the Cathedral stands out. We can contemplate the American lamp, tavernacle, manifestador and tray, the Convent of la Merced, with an antependium, chalices, tray and monstrance. In the same town, other churches that have American silver work are Saint Michael and Saint Dominic, the first two subject to a special category of protection. After visiting the city we will have the possibility to visit a wine cellar of D.O. sherry, complete with a tasting, and a walk through the facilities where they will show us how the wine is produced. Continuation to the port de Santa María. Lunch in restaurant. In the afternoon, city tour, which mainly highlights the Vizarrón House. Declared a Monument in the year 2006, it belonged to one of the families dedicated to overseas commerces in the 16th century, which also explains the architecture of this period, commerical relations with the Americas and the origin of many of the imported products, among them the most important grouping of silverwork donated to the Cathedral of Seville. Tour of the Main Church which features a silver antependium (today in the Chapel of the Tavernacle) commissioned by Juan Camacho Gaina from José de Medina in Saint Louis de Potosí in 1685. We will finish the visit walking around the exterior of the Battery de the Laja, the Castle of San Marcos, etc. Departure for Cádiz and transfer to the hotel. Dinner and lodging.
*Note: if time permits, the route Pto. Santa María-Cádiz will be done in boat.
DAY 7 CÁDIZ Breakfast. We will dedicate this day to visiting the city of Cádiz with lunch included during the visit. Cádiz is celebrating the Bicentennial of the Constitution such that the number of cultural activities turns the city into a strategic tourist point of maximum interest. In This city, a good number of buildings have American connections: the Casa of the Juez, from the Indies, the Oratorio de San Philip Neri, the Convent de Saint Dominic, missionary hospice… Fruit of this tight connection with the viceroyalty are the many paintings that arrived to religious establishments and private residences. All of the area inside the walls of Cádiz have been declared Historic Grouping, but perhaps Cádiz stands out for its fortification structure. The city was attacked on several occasions by corsairs and pirates which also allows these stories of commerce and piracy to be set in Spain. Among them, Sir Francis Drake, English corsair, in 1587, commanded the first of a series of English or Anglo-Dutch attacks on the city which had as its final goal to destroy the security of the maritime traffic through the straight and of the arrival of the American route. We will visit some of the different fortifications of Cádiz, which exemplify the importance of the commercial port in these centuries, as well as the principal monuments and explanations of the entrance of the boats in the 16th century and the maritime commerce, centering on the defensive aspect against pirate attacks, and other maritime powers. We will take a walking tour, focusing on a few concrete points like the city wall (declared monument in 1985) the Battery of the Segunda water da, the castle of San Lorenzo de los Puntales, Bulwark of the Candelaria, constructed at the request of D. Diego Caballero de Illescas in the year 1672, when he was governor of the square and an endless number of notable monuments of the city such as Bulwark of Bonete, of the Capuchinos de los Martyres, San Carlos, the Slaughterhouse, of Saint Paul, of Saint Peter, etc. The tour will continue to show the principal civil constructions, promoted by the great families dedicated to overseas commerce, such as the houses of four towers, from the 15th century that exemplify the style of houses of shippers from the Indies, with a tower in each of the four corners, over which a shelter or tower is also raised, mirador or Casa del Almirante, etc. Last we will take a walk through the Cathedra of the Holy Crossin which the principal American donations will be pointed out and the history of their owners. Other monuments of the city include its entry arches: of the Rose, of the Popolo or of the Bishop, also declared Monuments. Transfer to the hotel. Dinner and lodging.
DAY 8 CADIZ – HUELVA – Excursion to Palos de la Frontera, the Rábida and the Rocío Breakfast. In the morning, city tour de Huelva where the House of Columbus is found, declared monument in 1983. The Churches of Saint Peter and La Milagrosa, both declared monuments, are also found here. In 1967, in Huelva the Columbian places in the provice of Huelva were declared Historic-Artistic Grouping, including various municipalities related to the trips of Columbus and the encounter in the Americas. Then we will take an excursion to Palos de la Frontera to take a tour of the Monument to the Discoverers, conmemorating the 4th centennial of the Discovery of the Americas, and to the port from where Columbus’ ships left. We will visit the Monastery of Santa María de la Rábida. Built in the 14th-15th centuries, the Gothic-mudéjar church, the rooms decorated with frescos by Daniel Vázquez dayz, and the Cloister shine because of their artistic interest. In the museum there are numerous objects commemorating the Discovery of the Americas and a sculpture of Marian devotion under which is found the convent. The Monastery was declared National Monument in 1856. It also merited the declaration of First Historic Monument of the Hispanic towns in 1949. In the declaration of the 9th Iberoamerican Summit of the Chiefs of States and Presidents of Government in Havanna, La Rábida was recognized as a place of encounter of the Iberoamericn Community of Nations. Lunch and Continuation to AlMount where we will visit the famous Shrine of the Virgin of the Rocío. Return to Huelva. Dinner and lodging.
DAY 9 HUELVA – SEVILLE (92 Km) – MADRID (532 Km) (BY HIGH SPEED TRAIN) Breakfast. Departure in coach for Seville to catch the train that will take us back to Madrid. Arrival in Madrid and end of services.