Dominican Route in Spain
DAY 1 MADRID – SEGOVIA – PEDRAZA – BURGO DE OSMA Meeting at 8:00 A.M. in the Royal Monastery, place in which the baptismal font of Saint Dominic is kept. Tour of the monastery, beautiful neomudéjar example with exquisite work of Juan de Herrera, and Celebration of the Eucharist to entrust ourselves to the trip. Then departure for Segovia. Tour of the city and of the Cathedral. It was the last Gothic Cathedral constructed in Spain. Built in the highest point of the city, they began to build it in the year 1525, when Carlos V was king. It is late Gothic in style and it was raised after the fire of the Old Romanesque Cathedral in the year 1520. It has three naves, with lateral chapels and a semicircular head with an ambulatory. The temple, built following the plans of Juan Gil de Hontañón, has three entrances: in its main façade is the Door of Pardon, all of it work of Juan Guas; in the southern façade is the Door of Saint Geroteo; and the Door of Saint Frutos. We will also visit the Royal Convent de Santa Cruz, constructed at the feet of The Cave of Saint Dominic, and where the Saint resided during his stay in Segovia in which he spent the cold winter nights dedicated to prayer and penance. In the Convent -whose architect was also Juan Guas-, the decentered main door opposite the main altar and the axis de the church, both belong to the type called “altarpiece façades”. Lunch. Around 5:00 P.M. we will take the coach to leave for Burgo de Osma stopping first in Pedraza, where we will be able to enjoy free time in this beautiful medieval walled town ge. Departure for Burgo de Osma. Dinner and lodging.
DAY 2 BURGO DE OSMA – HAZA – ARANDA DE DUERO – GUIMIEL DE IZÁN – ARANDA DE DUERO Breakfast. Tour of the city and its Cathedral, of which Saint Dominic was canon. The Cathedral, with three naves, triple apse and transept, is a Gothic building that took the place of an earlier Romanesque one. They began to construct it in 1232, bringing other architectural syles to it like Neoclassical. It boasts a Gothic Cloister, a main altar by Juan de Juni and Juan Picardo, the Chapel of the Venerable Palafox, with a luxurious tomb of Saint Peter de Osma and the Chapel of the Virgin of the Thorn, patron saint of the people of Burgos. Departure for Haza, hometown of the mother of Saint Dominic. There we will see the Parish Church of Saint Michael, of Gothic and Romanesque style. From Romanesque times we can appreciate what must have been an arcaded gallery attached to the north wall. This location is not the most common, but neither is it unusual since we find them in places where the largest part of the population was concentrated in this way, as is the case in Haza. Of the portico remains the blind western arch, because the entire gallery was used for the construction of the Gothic church. The Church has one entrance door on its western side with pointed archivelts over fine Gothic columns and capitals decorated with grape leaves. After the visit to Haza we will leave for Aranda de Duero where we will eat lunch. Around 4:00 P.M. we will leave for Guimiel de Izán, place to where Saint Dominic was sent to study with his uncle the archpriest. There we will visit the Parish church dedicated to the Assumption of the Virgin Mary; it is one of the most important monuments and it occupies the north side of the Plaza Mayor. The present church, Gothic, was constructed over an earlier one from which they concerved the door in the north side. The façade and staircases are baroque. It was declared Heritage of Cultural Interest in the category of Monument on 8 August 1962. After this visit we will take the coach again and return to Aranda de Duero. Dinner and lodging.
DAY 3 ARANDA DE DUERO – CALERUEGA – SANTO DOMINGO DE SILOS – LERMA – BURGOS Breakfast. Departure around 9:00 A.M. for Caleruega, birthplace of Saint Dominic, where he spent his youth. Here we will visit the Dominican Convent, which has not only the House of spirituality but also a chapel with a Gothic crucifix and a baroque polichromatic statue of Saint Dominic of Guzmán. In the Convent is found the winecellar of the Beata Juana, in which is found a sculpture that recalls the miracle wrought byher: her husband, the venerable Félix de Guzmán, went to war and she emptied all the wine vats to give it to the poor. When her husband returned, miraculously they appeared full. Around 11:00 A.M. we will take the coach again to visit Santo Domingo de Silos. City tour. The Monastery of Silos dates from the 7th century, although its most important building was dones in the 11th century. The building is located in the place known as Valley of Tabladillo. Its foundation could have taken place around the 7th century. In the year 1088 a Romanesque temple was consecrated that later was replaced by another of neoclassical style from plans by Ventura Rodríguez. The cloister that is conserved is Romanesque, square and with two floors of arches. In the capitals of the lower cloister, is found a profuse symbolic decoration with dragons, centaurs, basketweaves, mermaids, etc. The corners of the cloister are decorated with scenes from the life of Christ in enormouss reliefs. Of additional relevance is the archive of the monastery, in which are kept fragments of the Beato of the 10th century, a page of the Bible de Oña, other fragments of Visigothic manuscripts and musical fragments of some twenty codices in Aquitaine notation. According to how it is told, Saint Dominic of Silos appeared to her in dreams and announced to her that soon she would have a are and that he would be a luminary of the Church. In proof of her thankfulness, Juana was determined to give her are the name of Dominic. Lunch. Afterwards, we will visit Lerma, where we will see the Convent de Saint Dominic. Coach to Burgos. Dinner and lodging.
DAY 4 BURGOS – CASTROJERIZ – FROMISTA – PALENCIA Breakfast. We will dedicate the morning to visit the city of Burgos, founded in the year 884 on the banks of the Arlanzón, by Count Diego Rodríguez Porcelos under the reign of Alfonso III. It claims to be one of the most beautiful cities of Spain. We will visit the Cathedral, one of the best Gothic temples of the 12th century. The slenderness of its towers, the dome and the Chapel of the Constables are completed with an interesting collection of altarpieces, choir stools, chapels, stainglass windows, tombs and the famous golden staircase of Diego de Siloé. Later we will visit the Monastery of las Huelgas, founded in 1187 by Alfonso VIII and his wife Doña Leonor for the royal pantheon. It became the principal monastic center of Castile. Around 12:00 we will take the coach to Castrojeriz, where we will have lunch. It is a small town that historically was the head of the Castrojeriz Party, one of the fourteen that formed the Quartermaster of Burgos. It is believed that it was the ancient Castrum Sigerici. It has the configuration of town of St. James’ Way. It has various churches and notable buildings. There is a castle up top, in ruins, that has a lot of history. It belonged to Count Muño (o Nuño Núñez), who defended the fortress at the end of the 9th century against the Arabs. Earlier it had been Celtiberian, Roman and Visigothic fortress. In the 974, the Count of Castile García Fernández awarded him a privilege, the Fuero de Castrojeriz; it is considered the first fuero awarded in all of Castile, and which equated to any farmer who owns a horse with one infanzón (knight town ins). It is an example of Jacobean urbanism, with the houses located around the street-way, which is the longest of all on the Jacobean route. Around 4:00 P.M. we will take the coach again to being the march to Frómista, place about which its population says that it has “the goddess of the Palentine Romanesque churches”. We are speaking of the Church of the old monastery de Satin Martin of Tours, founded in the year 1066. The perfección of its forms, its volume, its architectural beauty and its ornamental richness are surprising, although part of its perfection is due to the profound restoration of Aníbal Álvarez. Rectangular in shape, it is a church with three naves, whose central nave is taller and the twice as wide as the other two, with a transept marked only in elevation and a polygonal lantern above it. The gable is flanked by two cylindrical little towers, one of which was reconstructed in the restorative interventions mencioned earlier. After this excursion, we will continue to Palencia. Dinner and lodging.
DAY 5 PALENCIA – TORDESILLAS – MEDINA DEL CAMPO – MADRID Breakfast. We will dedicate the morning to visiting Palencia, place where Saint Dominic took his university studies. The Cathedral, Seat of the exposition “The Ages of Man” in 1999, stands out among the other momnuments. It is a magical space of light and mystery where a wealth of art and beauty are enclosed, which has earned it the appellative of “The Unknown Beauty”. The current temple they began to build in 1321, although the Crypt de San Antolín conserves Visogothic and Romanesque remains of the buildings that preceded them. In the exterior its five entrances stand out: that of the Bishop or the Immaculate, that of the bridge and goom, the canons, Saint John or The kings and that of Saint Antolín or The Descalced. In this cathedral are found styles from Gothic, like the Christ of the Battles, to the Baroque, traveling through an extraordinary sample of Renaissance and Plateresque art. With regards to the pictorial, it conserves works by Pedro Berruguete and El Greco, without forgetting the excepcional work of Juan de Flandes in the main altar and the tiyptych of the trascoro. In the Cathedral Museum se are preserved singular and very valuable collections de tapestries of religious goldwork. Around 12:00 we will take the coach to Tordesillas where we will have lunch and take a tour of this very beautiful muncipality in which we will be able to see the Monastery of Santa Clara, which is built over the old mudejar palace called «Pelea de Benimerín», commissioned in 1340 by Alfonso XI of Castile after his triumph in the Battle of the Salado. Or Saint Antolín, Church-museum, where a series of artistics pieces of the church itself and various others of the town ges are collected and exhibited, among which the tomb of the Alderete stands out. The building is a church from the 15th and 17th centuries, begun in the middle of the 16th century and finished by Gil de Reynaltos in 1644. Its naves are covered starred rib vaults and nerves that rest over corbels in the shape of angles. The most notable things is the Chapel of the Alderete which has a balaustrade with pinacules of flamboyan Gothic style. It is also worth it to stroll through the Main Square, whose structure dates from the 16th century, the bridge or the wall, which in their origins surrounded all the town and had a fiscal and military character. At 4:00 P.M. we will take the coach again to Madrid to finish our journey. We will stop in Medina del Campo, this historic city has its ancient center on the left bank of the Zapardiel River, being the head and giving name to the large Valladolid region of the Land of Medina. In the medieval period (15th-16th centuries) it became one of the most important commercial centers of the kingdom of Castile, attending its fairs, celebrated in its Main Square, merchants and merchandise from half of Europe. Its important wool market, marked and imposed the prices for this product in half the world, for in Medina they sold and exported. Curious ordinances regulated the transactions, which they began with High Mass from the balcony of the Pópulo of the Colegiata Church of Saint Antolín, so that the merchants could hear it without leaving their businesses because until this mass began the exchanges were not valid. Medina del Campo reached its heyday during the reigns of Enrique IV, The Catholic Monarchs and Carlos I. Then we begin our return trip to Madrid. Arrival and end of services.