espt-brru

ALEXANDER THE GREAT IN TURKEY

DAY 1 ORIGIN – ISTANBUL Arrival in Istanbul, baggage retrieval and meeting with the accompanying guide. Transfer to the hotel. Free time. Dinner and lodging.

DAY 2 ISTANBUL Breakfast. Today we will visit the Church of Hagia Sophia and the Blue Mosque. The Church of Hagia Sophia is an ancient Patriarchal Orthodox Basilica, later a mosque and now a museum. The Blue Mosque was constructed between 1609 and 1616, during the government of Ahmed I. Lunch. In the afternoon we will cross the Galata Bridge that spans the Golden Horn in Istanbul. On the other side of the Golden Horn there will be time to explore the Taksim and Beyoglu neighborhoods, famous for their restaurants and stores, and considered the heart of modern Istanbul. We are going to go to a traditional Turkish bath (o hammam) and enjoy a typical dinner in a local restaurant. Transfer to the hotel and Lodging.

DAY 3 ISTANBUL Breakfast. today we will visit the Istanbul Archaeological Museums, next to Topkapi Palace. The Istanbul Archaeological Museums is made up of three museums, the Archaeological Museum (in the main building), the Museum of the Ancient Orient and the Museum of Islamic Art. It houses more than one million objects that represent almost the totality of the periods and civilizations in the history of the world. The façade of the building is inspired by the sarcophagus of Alexander and Sarcophagus of the mourners, both housed in the interior of the museum. The ornamented sarcophagus of Alexander is one of the most famous works of ancient art in the museum. Lunch. In the afternoon there will be time to visit the Grand Bazaar, known as Kapali Carsi. The Grand Bazaar of Istanbul is one of the largest and oldest covered markets in the world, with 61 covered streets and more than 3000 stores. Return to the hotel. Dinner and lodging.

DAY 4 ISTANBUL – DARDANELLES – GALLIPOLI – KILITBAHIR – CANAKKALE Breakfast. Today we leave Istanbul and continue uur adventure following the footprints of Alexander the Great. We continue to the Sea of Marmara with the powerful Hellespont. When Alexander the Great crossed it, he sacrificed to Poseidon and poured libations of wine to the spirits of the sea. The Straight has always played a strategic role in history, and it is considered one of the most dangerous canals in the world, full of people, dificult and potentially dangerous. The ancient city of Troy was situated near the western entrance of the straight and the Asian coast of the straight was the focus of the Trojan War. We will visit the historic penninsula de Gallipoli and the ANZAC Cove. Lunch. In the afternoon we will take the ferry to Canakkale. Transfer to the hotel. Dinner and lodging.

DAY 5 CANAKKALE – TROY – BIGA – BERGAMA Breakfast. We will drive today to Troy (Truva), known as Ilion. Alexander the Great visited the site in the 334 B.C. and made sacrifices in tombs not associated with Achilles and Patroclus, Homeric heroes. Afterward we continue to the east to the town of Biga. Lunch. On the banks of the Granicus River Alexander died almost in his first victory over the Persians. From Biga we head toward Bergama. Transfer to the hotel. Dinner and lodging.

DAY 5 BERGAMA – PERGAMON – SARDIS – SELCUK Breakfast. We will talke a walk in Pergamon, which was an ancient Greek city that became the capital of Kingdom of Pergamon during the Hellenistic period, under the Attalid dynasty. The Attalid dynasty was a Helkenistic dynasty that governed the city of Pergamon after the death of Lysimachus, a general of Alexander the Great. They remodeled the Acropolis of Pergamon after the Acropolis of Athens. The Library of Pergamon in the Acropolis (the ancient Library of Pergamon) is the second best in the ancient Greek world. From Pergamon we head toward the ancient city of Sardis (Sardes). Lunch. Sardis was the capital of the ancient Kingdom of Lydia, one of the most important cities in the Persian Empire, the Seat of a proconsul under the Roman Empire, and the metropolis of the province of Lydia in the last days of the Romans and Byzantines. During the Ionic Revolt, the Athenians burned the city. Sardis remained under Persian domination until it surrended to Alexander the Great in 334 B.C. Afterwards we continue to Selcuk. Dinner and lodging.

DAY 6 SELCUK – EXCURSION TO EPHESUS Breakfast. With the exception of Pompeii, Ephesus has the largest and best preserved ruins from antiquity in the Mediterranean. We are going to enjoy a morning of this excepcional site. Lunch. Afternoon free. Dinner and lodging.

DAY 7 SELCUK – PRIENE – MILETUS – BODRUM Breakfast. In the ancient city of Priene we observe the techniques of intelligent city planning put into practice. Then, we will go to visit the ancient ruins of Miletus. Before the Persian invation in the middle of the sixth century before Christ, Miletus was considered the largest and richest of the Greek cities. During this time, various cities were formed by the colonists from Miletus, which extends across what today is Turkey, and including the Crimean War. It is also the birthplace of Thales, famous philosopher, scientist and mathematician. Lunch. We continue to Bodrum, birthplace of Herodotus, and the site of the famous Mausoleum of Halicarnaso, and the remains of the fortifications against which Alexander set up a desperate seige. We will gather for a farewell dinner in a local restaurant. Transfer to the hotel. Lodging.

DAY 8 BODRUM – KALKAN Breakfast. We will go to Kalkan, where we will take a tour en route to Afrodisias, which was the city dedicated to the worship of Aphrodite. We will visit the museum of the sculptor of Afrodisias. Lunch in a local restaurant. Transfer to the hotel. Dinner and lodging.

DAY 9 KALKAN – XANTHOS (KINIK) – MYRA (DEMRE) – PHASELIS – ANTALYA Breakfast. We will take the panoramic coastal road to Antalya, via Xanthos; the capital of the Lycian League, called in antiquity Myra, the famous city of Saint Nicholas, in which we see the Lycian masonry in the rock tombs. Lunch. Then we continue on and visit Phaselis, the famous port de Lycia. According to legend, Phaselis was where the lance of Achilles was kept. It was here where Alexander was crowned with a crown of gold. Phaselis had stupendous location, and well-protected ports, but Alexander chose another city, Perge, as his regional base. Dinner in a local restaurant. Transfer to the hotel in Antalya. Lodging.

DAY 10 ANTALYA Breakfast. We will begin the day with a panoramic tour of the city that is the perfect introducción to Antalya in the Mediterranean, an area known as the Turquoise Coast. The most prominent includes the Port of Hadrian from the period of the Roman emperor Hadrian, Clock Tower, Palm Street, Old City, Republic Square, and, finally , the Archaeological Museum of Antalya. Lunch. Afternoon free. Dinner and lodging.

DAY 11 ANTALYA – ANKARA Breakfast. We fly to Ankara. Tour of the ancient area of the city surrounded by the ancient walls. There is a beautiful panoramic view of the city from the upper part. To walk through the narrow streets inside the Citadel and enjoy old and traditional houses from the beginning of this century is a true pleasure. Lunch. Then, after a few minutes of walking we will approach the Museum of the Civilizations of Anatolia, which was constructed again as a caravanserai in the Ottoman period and now it houses a beautiful collection of archaeological findings from all of Turkey. We will proceed to the Mausoleum of Ataturk, the resting place for the founder of the modern Republic of Turkey and considered by many as the father of all the Turks. Dinner and lodging.

DAY 12 ANKARA – ORIGIN Breakfast. Transfer to the airport at the specified time to board the scheduled flight to our point of origin.

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