espt-brru

ALEXANDER THE GREAT IN EGYPT

DAY 1 MADRID – CAIRO Meet at the agreed upon time in the Airport of Barajas to embark on regular flight to Cairo. Arrival to the airport of Cairo. Assistance and transfer to the hotel. Dinner and lodging.

DAY 2 CAIRO Breakfast. Morning tour of the Pyramids and the Sphinx. The great pyramid was constructed by King “Khufu” in the 4th century B.C, it extends for 13 hectares and it originally had a height of 146 meters. The second pyramid, “Khafre”, has a height of 136 m, and the third, constructed by “Menkaure,” son of Khafre, has a height of 62 m. The Sphinx, body of a lion with a human head, is 70 meters long and 20 meters tall. The Sphinx and the three pyramids were considered one of the most important marvels of the world. Lunch in restaurant. After lunch, we will take a tour of “Memphis,” the first capital of ancient Egypt, where we will see enormous statue of the Pharoah “Ramses II”. We will finish the visit in the archaeological site of Saqqara, where we will visit the stepped pyramid, the Ti, Mererouka and Kagemmi Mastabas. Return to the hotel. Dinner and lodging.

DAY 3 CAIRO Breakfast and Departure for to take a full day of visits in Cairo, beginning with a panoramic route through the city. Afterward, we will visit the Museum of Egyptian Antiquities, one of the most famous and important museums in the world, where in its showcases are found more than 100.000 objects. It was founded in the year 1858 by the French Egyptologist Auguste Mariatte, and it illustrates the history of the Egyptian art from the pre-dynastic period until the Greco-Roman period. Among its treasures the most prominent include the objects from pre-dynastic Egypt “Sheikh the Balad”, a seated scribe seated in limestone, the sculptures from the pharoahs of the dynasties of the ancient empire, the works of the low empire and and from the Greco-Roman perido, although without doubt the most notable portion are the objects discovered in the tomb of the Pharoah “Tut Ankh Amoun” in the Valley of the Kingsin 1922. Lunch restaurant. Free time. Return to the hotel. Dinner and lodging.

DAY 4 CAIRO – ALEXANDRIA Breakfast. Departure in coach for Alexandria, traveling through the city of Benha, Tanta, Kom the Hisn, Naucratis, Damanhour, and Rachid, where Champollion discovered the Roseta Stone. Lunch en route. Arrival toAlexandria. Transfer to the hotel. Dinner and lodging.

DAY 5 ALEXANDRIA Breakfast. Full day of visits with lunch in restaurant. We highlight: Catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa. They were discovered on a rocky plateau to the south of Pompey’s Pillar. It is the most important hypgeum in the city, a construction of three subterranean floors excavated in the rock and dating from the 2nd century A.D. Pompey’s Pillar, which is found on top a small mount and very near the Catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa. It is known with certainty that the column belonged to the Serapeum, the ancient temple dedicated to the God Serapis, constructed by the Ptolomies on the summit og its Acropolis. The temple was built in the same place where Cleopatra created the second great Alexandrine Library. Both buildings remained connected until the temple was destroyed. The New Library of Alexandria returns to rise up on the shores of the Mediterranean, 1600 years after its disappearance. The Roman Amphitheater, one of the most recent discoveries in Alexandria, dates from the 2nd century in the Roman period. It has 13 columns of white marble in semicircular shape, and the entrance was decorated by two pieces of mosaic. The two sides of the amphitheater were made of steps and its roof covered by a dome that disappeared completely. The Quaitbay Fortress occupies the site of the lighthouse of Alexandria, which was totally destroyed. In the year 1480 the sultan Quaitbay ordered the construction of this impressive fortress of defensive architecture. Its exterior towers and all of the fort were restored after the bombing of Alexandria by the Britishs in 1882, in anticipation of its invastion and occupation. Dinner and lodging.

DAY 6 ALEXANDRIA – SIWA OASIS Breakfast. Departure at 8:00 A.M. in coach for Marsa Matrouh and continuation to the Siwa Oasis, one of the most marvelous oasis on the edge of the Great Sand Sea. Its rich history says that Alexander the Great visited the oracle temple of Amun to predict the prophecy in the year 331 A.D. The inhabitants of Siwa have their own culture and custums and speak the Siwi language. Many women still wear traditional clothing and silver jewelry. Lunch. Transfer to the hotel. Dinner and lodging.

DAY 7 OASIS DE SIWA Full Board Accommodations. Full day tour. We will visit the ruins of the Temple of the Oracle, with some inscriptions from the 4th B.C. Next to the temple we will visit the ruins of Aghurmi and Gebel al Mawta, “The Mountain of the Dead.” Necropolis from the Roman period, it contains various stone tombs and Cleopatra’s Bath, a natural hotspring. The former medieval fortress of Siwa, built in the 13th century with Kershef (bricks of earth, salt and plaster) and palm wood, known as Shali Ghali; although abandoned and devastated by the torrential rains of 1926, it stands out as a prominent element, rising above the mount, next to the modern city. Return to the hotel. Lodging.

DAY 8 OASIS DE SIWA – CAIRO Breakfast. Departure in coach for Cairo. Lunch en route. Arrival in Cairo, transfer to the hotel. Dinner and lodging.

DAY 9 CAIRO Breakfast. Tour of the Islamic Neighborhood, where we will visit the Saladin Citadel, constructed by “Salah al Din the Ayyubid (Saladin)” in the year 1183 after Christ. This fortress was constructed on a high hill with a marvelous panoramic view of Cairo. It also includes some important Islamic monuments like “the Mosque of Sulaiman Basha” and the Mosque of Mohamed Ali, known as the “Alabaster Mosque”. We will continue the visit in the Coptic Neighborhood to visit the Church of Saint Sergius and Bacchus built in the 5th century over the Cave where the Holy Family took refuge. The Beni Ezra Synagogue, that was a Church and was transformed after the arrival of the Arabs into a Synagogue. The Hanging Church, built in the 5th century. We will visit the Coptic Museum. Later, we will head toward the bazar Khan El-Khalili, constructed in the 15th century A.D. This bazar is considered one of the largest bazaars of the world; it contains a large number of stores that expose a magnificent Historic Grouping of silver, gold and copper. Lunch in restaurant. Transfer to the hotel. Dinner and lodging.

DAY 10 CAIRO – PORT SAID Breakfast. Departure in coach for Tell el-Farema. Continuation to Port Said. Lunch. Return to Cairo. Transfer to the hotel. Dinner and lodging.

DAY 11 CAIRO Breakfast. Transfer at the designated time to the airport to embark on regular flight to Madrid. Arrival and

End of services